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Acquired Brain Injury Therapy Options at NAPA

Mar 01st, 2024 | by Ella Reilly

Ella Reilly

March 01st, 2024

What is an Acquired Brain Injury?

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is when the brain is damaged due to something that happens after birth. Unlike cerebral palsy, in cases of acquired brain injury, movement and coordination patterns have already been established.

What Are the Causes?

An ABI can be caused by infection around the brain (such as meningitis or encephalitis), brain tumor, stroke or events causing a lack of oxygen to the brain. ABI also includes traumatic brain injuries (TBI) that happen after a head injury from a fall or traffic accident.

What Are Some Challenges Children With an ABI Might Face?

The effects of an ABI on children can vary greatly and depend on the location and severity of the injury. As a result, each child’s recovery will be different. The effects may include changes in a child’s:

  • Physical ability such as muscle weakness, poor balance and coordination and difficulties with feeding
  • Cognitive skills including difficulties with problem-solving and attention
  • Personality and behavior
  • Communication including problems expressing themselves or understanding other people)
  • Increased fatigue mentally and physically

What Are Some Treatment Options for an ABI?

As children reintegrate into the community and schools after initial rehabilitative treatment, intensive outpatient rehabilitation helps facilitate continued recovery and progress. A stimulating ABI therapy environment is crucial in encouraging creative and integrated use of functions, reducing behavioural difficulties, and helping increase self-esteem to participate in activities at home, in school and in the community.

It is important to develop an individualized plan to work on the specific challenges that are limiting function and quality of life for each person.

Occupational therapy may focus on improving upper body function, fine motor skills, posture and coordination to participate in day-to-day activities such as dressing and eating. Physiotherapy might focus on increasing balance and walking with adaptive devices and orthotics, and developing muscle strength and endurance. Speech and language pathology can address different ways of communicating and swallowing impairments.

About NAPA Centre 

Learn about acquired brain injury (ABI) therapy options at NAPA Centre Australia.NAPA specialises in working with children with physical and neurological delays. In addition to working with children with more common diagnoses such as cerebral palsy and Down syndrome, NAPA has a special interest and expertise with children with rare, multiple and complex conditions. NAPA Centre’s Intensive Model of Therapy (IMOT) is world-renowned, and one of the leading clinics in Australia for paediatric therapy programs with a large multi-discliplinary team of Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists and Speech Therapists all working together. Families routinely travel from all parts of Sydney, the NSW region, from across Australia and even from the Australasian region to access NAPA’s unique and effective programs for their children.

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