Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are general terms for a wide range of brain development disorders characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and repetitive behaviors.
Recently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identified that around 1 in every 68 children are diagnosed with ASD, an increase from the past 1 in 88 children in 2008.
ASD is almost 5 times more prevalent in boys with about 1 in 42 boys diagnosed compared to about 1 in 189 girls.
Wondering if your child is affected by ASD? Here is a list of red flags that may indicate that your child is at risk:
– No big smiles or other warm, happy expressions by 6 months or thereafter
– No back-and-forth sharing of sounds or facial expressions by 9 months
– No babbling by 12 months
– No back-and-forth gestures like waving, pointing, etc. by 12 months
– No words by 16 months
– No meaningful, 2-word phrases (not including repeating) by 24 months
– Any loss of speech, babbling, or social skills at any age
Here are easy to read infographics describing the basic facts about Autism and ASD: